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Safety Tips

Reducing struck-by injuries

April 1, 2012

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Struck-by hazards include objects ejected from a power tool – such as a nail gun – as well as rolling, moving or sliding objects, such as a moving vehicle. OSHA offers the following recommendations to help workers prevent struck-by injuries:

Heavy equipment

  • Avoid heavy equipment that is being operated, and remain alert to the location of all heavy equipment regardless of whether or not it is in use.
  • Stand clear of loads that are being lifted or dumped.
  • Exercise caution around unbalanced loads.
  • Never work under suspended loads.
  • Stay outside of the swing radius of cranes and backhoes.
  • Wear hard hats in areas where objects may fall from above or if any head trauma may occur because of fixed objects.
  • Inspect hard hats routinely for dents, cracks or deterioration.

Motor vehicles

  • Check vehicles before each shift to confirm that parts and accessories can be operated safely.
  • Bulldozers and scraper blades must be lowered or blocked when not in use.
  • Do not exceed the rated load or lift capacity of any vehicle.
  • Use a cab shield or canopy to protect a driver hauling materials in a vehicle loaded by cranes or power shovels, and wear safety belts.
  • Vehicles should only be driven on grades or roadways that are safely constructed.
  • Wear protective clothing, such as red or orange vests, to ensure workers are highly visible, and wear reflective materials when working at night.
  • Avoid situations in which an escape route is not available.
  • Traffic should only be directed by flaggers.
  • Check all warning signs.

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