Working outside in the spring months may mean working alongside insects and animals that could pose a threat to workers. OSHA offers the following tips for avoiding such injuries when working outdoors.
Insects, spiders and ticks
- Wear long pants, socks and long-sleeved shirts to protect against stinging and biting insects.
- Use insect repellents that contain DEET or Picaridin.
- Treat bites and stings using over-the-counter products that relive pain and reduce the risk of infection.
- Avoid fire ants. Severe reactions to their bites can cause chest pain, nausea, loss of breath, slurred speech or swelling that requires immediate medical attention.
Rodents and animals
- Both dead and live animals can spread diseases such as rat bite fever and rabies.
- Always avoid contact with rats and other wild or stray animals. If you cannot avoid contact, wear protective gloves and wash your hands frequently.
- Dispose of dead animals as soon as possible.
- If you are bitten or scratched by an animal, seek medical attention immediately.
- When moving debris, avoid placing your hands underneath objects whenever possible.
- Wear heavy gloves.
- Watch for snakes sunning on fallen tree limbs or other debris.
- If you see a moving snake, step back and allow it to pass. A snake’s striking distance is about one-half of the total length of the snake.
- Wear boots that are at least 10 inches high.
- If bitten, note the color and shape of the snake’s head to help with treatment.
- Keep bite victims calm and still to slow the spread of venom. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.