Be vigilant when working with flammable, combustible liquids
Nearly every workplace has potentially dangerous liquids, including fuels, paint thinners, solvents, cleaners, waxes and adhesives, according to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety.
Classifying liquids as either flammable or combustible depends on the liquid’s flashpoint. CCOHS states that a liquid’s flashpoint is based on the lowest temperature at which it gives off enough vapor to start burning at its surface. Flammable liquids have flashpoints lower than 100° F, whereas combustible liquids have flashpoints greater than 100° F but lower than 200° F.
A mixture of vapor and air must be ignited for a flammable or combustible liquid fire to start. According to CCOHS, common ignition sources include:
- Sparks from electrical equipment
- Sparks, arcs and hot surfaces resulting from welding operations
- Static electricity sparks
- Flames from portable torches and heating units
- Hot surfaces, including boilers, furnaces, steam pipes, electric lamps, irons, electric coils and hot bearings
- Embers from incinerators, fireboxes and furnaces
To avoid a fire, eliminate ignition sources. Do not smoke or operate spark-producing machinery near these liquids, and use only explosion-proof equipment in hazardous areas.
When working with flammable and combustible liquids, a well-ventilated workplace is crucial. CCOHS notes that a properly working ventilation system will be able to remove flammable vapors, reducing the chance of ignition.
Have an assessment performed by a qualified person to determine if your systems, including how you store, handle and dispose of flammable and combustible liquids, is adequate, CCOHS recommends.